In today's increasingly unpredictable world, it always pays to be prepared. Knowing what to do in times of emergency is of paramount importance. This is the reason it should be mandatory for everyone to know CPR, or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in technical terms.
CPR readiness is an invaluable skill. It is usually done when a person's heart has stopped beating or when a person has stopped breathing. Health conditions as well as unexpected accidents can lead to this type of situation. However, there is no telling when and where something like this can happen. This is exactly the reason as to why everyone must have a basic knowledge of how to correctly perform CPR.
The following are the steps one needs to do in emergency situations needing CPR. First, you need to position the victim so that they are lying on their back and on the top of a firm surface. After doing this, you need to tilt the person's head back in order to open up the airway. In some cases, this is enough to restart the person's breathing. Do this by placing one hand on the person's forehead and another hand under their chin. Make sure to check if the person has started breathing again by listening and feeling closely.
If tilting the head does not work and there still is no signs of breathing, then proceed to the next step. Start by pinching their nose, sealing their mouth with yours, and giving the persons 2 rescue breaths. Each breath should last 1 second and should be given at intervals of 5 seconds. Also make sure that you do not take deep breaths before performing rescue breaths. Just breathe normally but make sure that there is no air escaping while you are giving rescue breaths.
Chest compressions will be the next step in the procedure. Do this by placing the heel of your one hand on the person's chest (specifically at the lower half of the sternum or the breastbone, right between the nipples). You should then proceed to place your other hand on top of it and start pushing down hard and fast. Make sure that you let the chest come back up between compressions. You need to do this at a rate of 30 compressions within 20 seconds.
Repeat this cycle of 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths until emergency workers arrive on the scene. This will hopefully buy the person enough time. Remember: permanent brain damage and death can occur within 4-8 minutes due to a lack of oxygen. That is why it is necessary for you to act quickly once you determine that a person is in need of emergency assistance and CPR.
This article presents readers with a detailed account on how to correctly manage CPR. However, it should be noted that this article is only for purposes of information. It should never be taken as a substitute for taking first aid and CPR classes . The classes are still the best way for anyone to learn how to effectively execute CPR.